In their closing statement, issued on Thursday, as the leaders of the BRICS group expressed their concern about the use of unilateral measures that negatively affect developing countries.
The BRICS leaders supported reforms in the United Nations, including the Security Council, in order to make the organization more democratic and effective.
The text of the final statement following the summit currently held in Johannesburg, South Africa, stated:
We express our concern about the use of unilateral coercive measures, which are inconsistent with the principles of the United Nations Charter and lead to negative consequences, especially in developing countries.
We reaffirm our commitment to strengthening and improving global governance by promoting a more flexible, effective and efficient system … a democratic and accountable multilateral international system.
We call for increased participation of emerging markets and developing countries in international organizations and multilateral forums.
According to the declaration, the BRICS countries support the continuation of cooperation within the bloc to enhance the interconnection of supply chains and payment systems.
We reaffirm that openness, efficiency, stability and reliability are essential to addressing economic recovery and stimulating international trade and investment.
We call for more cooperation between the BRICS countries to enhance the interconnection between supply chains and payment systems in order to stimulate trade and investment flows.
The leaders of the BRICS group reaffirm their support for the establishment of an open and fair international trade system based on the rules of the World Trade Organization.
In the statement, BRICS stressed the need to solve the Iranian nuclear problem through peaceful and diplomatic means, and in accordance with international law.
We call for strengthening arms control and non-proliferation, including the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Biological and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction, and the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction.
We stress the importance of encouraging the use of national currencies in international trade and financial transactions, whether within the BRICS countries or with trading partners.
We call on the space agencies of the BRICS countries to continue to increase the level of cooperation in the field of exchanging data via satellites and their applications in order to provide information support for the economic and social development of the BRICS countries.
We recall our national positions regarding the conflict in and around Ukraine, which expressed in relevant forums, including the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly.
We note with appreciation the offers of mediation and the special good offices in this matter aimed at resolving the conflict by peaceful means through dialogue and diplomacy, including the peace mission, undertaken by African leaders, and the proposed path to peace.
Recognizing that BRICS countries produce a third of the world’s food, we reaffirm our commitment to strengthening cooperation in agriculture and developing sustainable agriculture for BRICS countries to improve food security within BRICS countries and around the world.
BRICS countries appreciate the great interest shown by the countries of the Global South in BRICS membership.
We stress the need to help countries going through the post-conflict stage for recovery and development, and we call on the international community to help countries achieve their development goals.
The document stated that Brazil, India, China and South Africa express their full support for Russia, regarding its presidency of the BRICS group, in 2024, and the holding of the sixteenth BRICS summit in the Russian city of Kazan.