Russia and China accused the United States on Tuesday of undermining global security by seeking to deploy missiles in several countries with the aim of maintaining a unilateral military advantage.
The Russian Presidents Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping said in a joint declaration signed on Tuesday after talks in the Kremlin that Russia and China express their concern about the intensification of the activities of the United States aimed at creating a global anti-missile defense system and the deployment of its elements in different regions of the world, accompanied by the strengthening of the capacity of high-level non-nuclear precision weapons.
Russia and China expressed on Tuesday that they reject any nuclear war, while tensions with the West have reached their peak, and stressed that everyone will lose in a similar confrontation.
After his talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed that Sino-Russian relations have gone beyond bilateral relations, and are of great importance to the world order.
They stressed that the Russian-Chinese relations, which are based on a comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation, are entering a new era.
“President Putin and I jointly summed up the results of the development of bilateral relations over the past 10 years and agreed that Sino-Russian relations have gone beyond bilateral relations, and are of vital importance to the modern world order and the fate of mankind,” the Chinese leader said.
The Chinese president also noted that China adheres to an objective and unbiased stance on the Ukraine crisis, and actively promotes reconciliation and the resumption of negotiations to solve it.
He said, “Last month, China published China’s position on the political settlement of the Ukraine crisis… I’d like to stress that with regard to this settlement, we are firmly guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, adhere to an objective and impartial position, and actively promote reconciliation and the resumption of negotiations… Our position is based on the essence of the issue and the truth… We’re always for peace and dialogue, and we stand firmly on the right side of history.
The statement emphasized that Russia and China support preserving the Arctic as a zone of peace and constructive cooperation.
The statement touched on the relations of Russia and China with the Arab countries, and affirmed Moscow and Beijing’s support for the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria and Libya.
The Chinese-Russian statement continued: “We support the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Syria, and contribute to strengthening a comprehensive political settlement process, organized and implemented by the Syrians themselves… The two countries defend the protection of the sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of Libya, and contribute to the promotion of a comprehensive political settlement process, implemented and led by the Libyans themselves as well”.
The statement stressed the attempt to replace the principles and rules of international law that are generally recognized is unacceptable, also affirmed that Russia and China oppose the imposition of one country of their values on other countries, stressing that there is no such thing as a higher democracy.
The Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China also call on NATO to respect the sovereignty and interests of other countries, stressing that Beijing and Moscow oppose external interference in internal affairs.
The statement also emphasized that Russian-Chinese relations have reached the highest level in their history, and the statement said: “Russian-Chinese relations of comprehensive partnership and strategic interaction, which are entering a new era, thanks to the continuous efforts of the parties, have reached the highest level in their history and continue to develop gradually”.
Chinese President Xi Jinping said that Russia and China will contribute to the economic recovery in the post-epidemic period, and ensure food security.
He added, “We’ll contribute to the recovery of the global economy in the post-pandemic period, build constructive strength in shaping a multipolar world and improve the global governance system, and make a greater contribution to global food security, energy security, and continuity of supply chains”.
The statement indicated that the relations between Russia and China are not a military alliance and confrontation, and aren’t directed against other countries.
The statement said: “The relations between Russia and China, although it is not a military-political alliance, similar to the alliances established during the Cold War, is superior to this form of interaction between states, while it’s not of a bloc and confrontational nature and isn’t directed against others”.
The statement said that the relations between Russia and China are mature, stable and self-sufficient, and have withstood the turbulent international situation and are not subject to external influence.
The statement said: “Russian-Chinese relations are mature, stable, self-sufficient and strong… They have withstood the test of Covid-19 epidemic and the turbulent international situation, aren’t subject to external influence, and show vitality and positive energy… The friendship between the two peoples, passed down from generation to generation, has a solid foundation… The comprehensive cooperation between the two countries has broader prospects. Russia is interested in a stable and prosperous China, and China is interested in a strong and successful Russia”.
The statement stressed that Russia and China are against power politics, thinking about the Cold War, and confrontation between the two camps (Western and Eastern).
Russia and China noted the positive contribution of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) to the possibility of developing cooperation between the Collective Security Treaty Organization and the People’s Republic of China to ensure peace and stability.
The statement read: “The two countries note the positive contribution of the Collective Security Treaty Organization to ensuring regional security… They note the possibility of developing cooperation between the Collective Security Treaty Organization and China in order to ensure peace and stability in the region”.
Russia and China have also expressed concern over the situation on the Korean Peninsula, urging all parties to exercise calm and restraint.
” Russia and China express concern about the situation on the Korean Peninsula, and strongly urge all relevant countries to exercise calm and restraint, and make efforts to reduce tension”.
The two countries also affirmed their categorical rejection of attempts to import color revolutions and external interference in Central Asian affairs.
“Russia and China are ready to enhance mutual coordination to support the countries of Central Asia in ensuring their sovereignty and national development, and don’t accept attempts to import color revolutions and external interference in the region’s affairs”.
Russia indicated that it will study the global civilization initiative of the Chinese side.
The Russian side attaches great importance to and will carefully study the Chinese side’s global civilization initiative.
The Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China have expressed serious concern about the military biological activities of the United States, including outside US territory, and demanded clarifications.
Earlier, Chinese President Xi Jinping confirmed on Tuesday that Beijing will continue to give priority to strategic relations with Russia, describing the two countries as two great powers, thus expressing his agreement with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in the face of the West and in the midst of the war in Ukraine.
Before that, on the second day of President Xi Jinping state visit to Russia, considered that his visit involves historical logic because “we are the two largest neighboring major powers and we are strategic partners at all levels.”
The Chinese leader, who was speaking during a meeting with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, also said that Beijing will continue to give priority to the partnership of the overall China-Russia strategy.
Xi Jinping, who held his first meeting with Putin on Monday, announced that he had invited his Russian counterpart to visit China this year, in an indication of the strength of the ties between the two countries, which are facing tension with the West.
This is despite the arrest warrant issued by the International Criminal Court against Putin.
Ironically, while Xi was expressing his support for Moscow, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida arrived in Ukraine on Tuesday for a surprise visit.
Kiev welcomed the visit as historic and signifies strong solidarity and cooperation between Kiev and Tokyo, the first deputy foreign minister of Ukraine, Amina Jabbar said.
The Japanese Prime Minister visited the town of Bucha, where Russian forces were accused of killing civilians during the weeks of their deployment in this area on the outskirts of Kiev, last year.
Kishida, who was the only member of the Group of Seven who hasn’t traveled to Kiev since the start of the conflict in February 2022, will meet Ukrainian President Vlodomir Zelensky there.
Tokyo joined Western sanctions against Russia and in February announced new aid worth $5.5 billion (5.1 billion Euros) to Ukraine.
However, Japan didn’t provide Kiev with military assistance, as this is prohibited by the country’s pacifist constitution.
The conflict in Ukraine will be on the agenda of Xi and Putin’s talks on Tuesday, after they held a four-and-a-half-hour retreat on Monday in their first informal meeting in the Kremlin.
During this first meeting, Putin expressed his willingness to discuss Beijing’s initiative aimed at stopping the conflict in Ukraine.
Addressing Xi as his dear friend at the start of the meeting, Putin said, “I know that… you have a fair and balanced position on the most pressing international issues”.
He said he was studying the initiative put forward by Beijing for peace in Ukraine, stressing that Russia and China had many goals in common.
The Russian president assured his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping after a round of talks in the Kremlin that Moscow could meet China’s growing demand for energy resources.
“The Russian business sector is able to meet the growing Chinese demand for energy,” Putin said in remarks broadcast on state television.
For his part, Xi stressed during the meeting that his country will continue to play a constructive role in the search for a political settlement to the conflict in Ukraine.
China presents itself as a mediator in Ukraine and in February issued a 12-point document calling for a “cessation of hostilities”, respect for the territorial integrity and unity of all countries and urging Moscow and Kiev to enter into peace negotiations.
However, Western countries consider that Beijing’s support for Moscow does not allow it to be a credible mediator.
Washington recently accused the Chinese authorities of considering handing over weapons to Russia, which China has firmly denied.
Some in the West believe that China may take the Russian attack on Ukraine as a model for launching an attack on Taiwan.
On Monday, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken questioned Beijing’s proposals for peace in Ukraine and said, “The world should not be deceived by any tactical decision by Russia, with the support of China or any other country, to freeze the war on its own terms”.
He pointed out that Xi went to Russia only three days after the issuance of the arrest warrant against Putin, saying that this proves that he doesn’t want to “hold the Russian president responsible for the atrocities he committed in Ukraine”.
On Monday, the Chinese Foreign Ministry called on the International Criminal Court to avoid politicization and to respect the immunity of heads of state.
For its part, Kiev, which is wary of Chinese intentions, called on Xi to use his influence on Moscow in order to stop its war of aggression.
Beijing and Moscow have been working in recent years to present themselves as a geopolitical weight opposite to the influence of the United States and its allies.
Economic and financial issues will also occupy a large part of the negotiations between Xi and Putin on Tuesday.
In evidence of this increasing economic integration between the two countries, the Russian giant Gazprom announced on Tuesday the delivery of record daily shipments to Beijing on Monday via the Siberian pipeline, which passes in the Russian Far East towards northeastern China.
Gazprom said in a statement that it delivered on Monday the required quantities and set a new record for daily gas supplies to China.
In response to questions from Agence France-Presse about the exact number of these quantities, the company announced that it doesn’t provide additional information.
On the ground, the governor of a Russian region announced that Ukraine launched a drone attack on Tuesday on an oil pumping station in a Russian border region, without causing casualties.
According to the Kremlin, Putin and Xi signed several documents on Tuesday, including a joint declaration on deepening their economic relationship by 2030.