A study issued by the digital association Bitcom published in Berlin on Friday stated that cyber-attacks on companies in Germany are increasingly coming from Russia and China.
Of more than 1,000 companies surveyed across all sectors, 46% were able to track attacks originating in Russia this year, compared to 23% in 2021.
Around 42% of companies that have been attacked say they are confident these attacks came from China, compared to 30% in 2021.
Just over a third of the companies that were attacked (37%) were unable to determine the geographical origin of the attacks.
On the other hand, 29% of those affected companies said they were attacked from Germany and 25% suspected that the attackers were located in Eastern Europe.
Hackers with hidden intentions, from the United States (18%) and other countries in the European Union (11%), had a secondary role.
Companies can choose multiple answers when asked about the source of cyber-attacks.
According to the Bitcom study, cyber-attacks were responsible for nearly three-quarters (72%) of the total damage to the German economy caused by data theft, sabotage and industrial espionage.
This equates to about 148 billion Euros ($160 billion) and represents a significant increase compared to the previous year, when the proportion of cyber-attacks was only 63% and consequently caused losses of about 128 billion Euros.