Continuing the story of the right and Nazism in Ukraine… With the beginning of the 1990s and the collapse of the Soviet Union, those Ukrainian nationalist groups, which represented the heart of the opposition within Soviet Ukraine, reappeared, as the fate of the ruling Communist Party in the Soviet republics was the same as what happened in Ukraine.
The party lost the 1991 elections in six Soviet republics, the Soviet Union collapsed, Ukrainian nationalists came to power in Kyiv, and Ukraine’s independence was declared on August 24, 1991.
The independence of Ukraine as a republic in 1991 brought with it great challenges, as history didn’t know the existence of an entity that could be called an entity or the state of Ukraine, except in flashes during the late nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, so the stage of independence in 1991 was the real test, for every what is known as a Ukrainian nationalism and an independent Ukrainian entity, as its cultural, social, political and economic identity.
Initially, Ukrainian nationalists and liberals sought to create a Ukrainian nation on the land called Ukraine, and a coalition called the Ukrainian National Democrats was launched.
Given the nature and nationalist thought in general, which fundamentally questions all democratic ideas and liberal solutions, this marriage between the two poles was doomed to failure, and thus the nationalists returned to their extremist nationalist ways, and the failure of this alliance with the liberals.
One of the most dangerous demands of the Ukrainian nationalists was that Ukraine should preserve the nuclear arsenal of the Soviet Union on its territory, as it would be a deterrent weapon in the face of external aggression!
This was the orientation of the Ukrainian leadership in Kyiv at the beginning of the independence period.
In this frenetic climate, many extreme right-wing groups emerged, led by the Ukrainian Social Nationalist Party (SNPU), which was founded in 1991.
And this party adopted a slogan resembling a famous German Nazi emblem, to be its emblem, which is the emblem of the Wolves Angels, which is the emblem of an infamous German Nazi forces.
The adoption of the Nazi Wolfsangel slogan by the Ukrainian Social Nationalist Party (SNPU) wasn’t a coincidence, because this slogan is one of the most widespread Nazi slogans among most forces and supporters of Nazism around the world.
Of course, the Ukrainian Social Nationalist Party (SNPU) didn’t deny its racism, extremist ideas and fascist beliefs, and it continued to build good and active relations with various Nazi and ultra-nationalist forces and organizations throughout Europe, and succeeded in recruiting football fan groups (Ultras), to have a force in the street and public power on the ground.
In 1999, the party established its military wing, the Ukrainian Patriots Movement, under the leadership of Andriy Parubiy, and when Oleh Tyahnybok, the party’s leader at the time, realized that the party didn’t have a large popular base to win the parliamentary elections, he resorted to doing some reforms within the party, and he got rid of the Wolves Angels emblem, he also cut all ties of the party with the military wing, and changed the name of the party, to become, the Svaboda Party (Freedom Party).
In 2006, the Wolves Angels emblem resurrected again, as the militia of the Ukrainian patriots officially returned to the Ukrainian stage, after they officially registered, as a licensed organization, but this time, their center was in Kharkiv, under the leadership of a young man named Andriy Biletsky, a right-wing extremist, famous with his racist ideas and views, he addresses everyone who doesn’t belong to the white race, and he generally adopts all the views and ideas of the extreme right.
It is famous from Biletsky’s sayings and opinions that “the task of Ukraine is to lead the white race in the world, in a final crusade against all the inferior races, including the Semites”.
The Biletsky militia continued to receive all forms of support from the governor of Kharkiv at that time, a Ukrainian businessman Arsen Avakov, who was carrying out suspicious activities, as he was taking advantage of and exploiting the Biletsky militia in his suspicious activities, such as bullying and extortion against his opponents and commercial competitors, and targeting their interests.
This situation remained until the fall of Avakov in the elections, and the new Ukrainian authorities arrested of Andriy Biletsky, on charges of armed robbery, terrorism, bullying and extortion, and remained in prison until early 2014.
On November 21, 2013, the Maidan events began, which Ukrainians called the “Dignity Revolution”, which called for the overthrow of the pro-Russian government of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych.
Yanukovych’s refused to sign an association agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, an agreement that Ukrainian nationalists viewed as an agreement that would free Ukraine from Russian domination and bring Kyiv closer to the Western European American camp.
The events of Maidan began in the beginning, in a very timid manner, as they didn’t exceed the limit of the limited mass gatherings and sit-ins, in Independence Square in the center of the capital, Kyiv control, and until the end of November 2013, the number of protesters increased.
Among those protesters were the Ultras, or the football club fans, as well as members of the armed far-right organization, all of whom were raising the banners and flags of the far-right organizations and Nazi slogans, such as the emblem of the Wolfsangel.
As a result of their presence among the Ukrainian protesters, a kind of psychological bond has been created, as the protesters have come to consider the flocks and hooligans of the extreme right, as their protectors in the face of the police and the forces of order, who are now confronting the police and maintaining order forces in the streets and squares.
The situation remained this tense, with the beginning of leaking information about an external interference supporting popular disobedience by the US administration, and the presence of US official figures in the country at that time, but the Ukrainian President at that time, Viktor Yanukovych, made a big mistake, when he issued laws criminalizing sit-ins, and he brought out groups of gunmen and thugs loyal to him, to attack the demonstrators, which served the plans of the United States, and the extreme right on the ground, and who took advantage of what the Ukrainian president had done, to increase the size and turmoil of the protests to take the armed confrontational path, where the far-right groups led while they were wearing military clothes.
Decorated with Nazi slogans and banners, led by the owners of red and black banners, who are called the right sector, to the crowds of protesters, as they began to attack and storm official and government departments and buildings, and they also used Molotov cocktails and threw them at police cars, and the intensity of the confrontations intensified and with it the number of dead and wounded increased.
Although there were few members of the extreme right among the crowds of demonstrators, their influence was great in terms of their ability to control and control the path of the groups, and they were the arm of power among the demonstrators in the protest movement.
Therefore, their action on the ground was much stronger than the votes of the Ukrainian liberals, as the far right was hitting the ground very violently, while the liberals had nothing but hollow talk.
At a time when the chants of the Ukrainian protesters, supporters of the liberals, resounded in the square, the most active supporters of the extreme right in terms of violence and the use of weapons and Molotov cocktails had a greater impact on the course of events.
As a result of this reality on the ground, the two sides didn’t find an alternative to an alliance in the face of overthrowing the Yanukovych government, which, with the increase in violence and escalation, was forced to flee and leave the country towards Russia, leaving the country in the hands of these extremists.
Russia, for its part, found itself facing a dangerous situation in Ukraine, which would pose a threat to Russian national security, through the success of groups of the extreme right with Nazi tendencies that adopt extremist and bloody ideas that control groups of people driven by dreamy ideas that talk about independence, freedom, democracy and a pattern Western life in its American dream, to control the country, and therefore it was necessary for Moscow to take quick steps regarding this new situation.
After the success of what is known as the Maidan event, the voices of liberals in Ukraine came out to deny the role of the extreme right in the events, and took the initiative to describe what the Ukrainian people had done as a popular revolution calling for freedom and democracy.
Of course, it was necessary for the Ukrainian liberals and leftists to disavow any connection with the supporters of fascism and the extreme right in Ukraine, especially since these right-wingers had a known past of extremism and support for Nazism, which sided with the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler, which was a dilemma within European society.
Therefore, in order to ensure the support of the European community for them, it was necessary to conceal and disavow any association with the extreme right.
As a result of the consequences of the Maidan events, and the success of the so-called freedom revolution, the formation of the Ukrainian image began anew, and it was necessary to form a political regime and a government that would lead the country in this new stage and the changes that it brought with it in the approach, policies, and local and international trends.
A new Ukrainian government was formed, which included four representatives of the Svaboda party, and a number of right-wingers, with a long history of extremism.
A Ukrainian government in this form, with intentions and tendencies to cooperate with the West and cut off Ukraine ties with Russia, posed a threat to Russia, as Russian President Vladimir Putin considered the formation of the Ukrainian government in this form and orientation is nothing but hostile Government of War and an anti-Russian government.
Within a few weeks, in late February and early March, the Russian Special Forces carried out a rapid military operation, in which they succeeded in controlling the Crimea and annexing it to Russia.
Later, the Russian authorities holds a referendum in Crimea, and the results were overwhelming in favor of becoming part of the Russian Federation.
After that, Russia supported the popular movement in the Donbas region, eastern Ukraine, a region with a majority Russian population, in order to gain independence and liberation from the Kyiv authority, which exercised the most horrific forms of oppression against the region’s population, which amounted to genocide.
Even in the masses of Ukraine, as soon as anyone Ukrainian policeman check the internal passport of any citizen of Ukraine, and his place of residence or his origins were revealing that he’s from the Donbas region (Donetsk and Lugansk) is sufficient to be an excuse in the hands of the security authorities or any of the Ukrainian extremists to abuse this person, without there being any humanitarian or even legal deterrent.
The fear of the Kyiv authorities, that a rich and vital region on the economic level, represented by the Donbas region, would leave their control, unleashed them to send military forces, to suppress any movement of the residents of the region, and forcibly annex it to the authority of the central government in Kyiv.
Therefore, the authorities in Kyiv released dozens of individuals and leaders of the extreme right, who were detained on various charges from prisons, led by Andriy Biletsky, who was convicted of thuggery, terrorism and armed robbery, according to a presidential pardon for political detainees.
As soon as they were released from prisons, they returned to their organizations and armed groups, which set out to Donbas region to fight the separatists.
During that period, the Ukrainian army was disintegrating, weak and underfunded, and wasn’t ready for any conflict, while the extremist right-wing militants led by Biletsky were seeking to enter into any conflict to prove their presence and impose their presence and influence on the ground.
Meanwhile, the state of the Ukrainian security and police authorities was in a state of complete collapse, and by chance the person who assumed the post of Minister of the Interior, after the Maidan Revolution, was none other than the shady businessman, Arsen Avakov, the former governor of Kharkiv and the official sponsor of the Biletsky militia.
Biletsky called on his supporters of the extreme right to take up arms and fight the separatists in Donbas, in the form of an independent armed force, with a voluntary popular character, without joining the Ukrainian army or security forces and police.
Within weeks, Biletsky had recruited dozens of far-right youths, numbering more than 100, and supplied them with weapons.
As this step began, a military battalion called the Azov battalion was born, officially becoming a battalion with special purposes and tasks within the Ukrainian Ministry of the Interior.
And on the shores of the Sea of Azov, from which the battalion bore its name, it began to carry out its various activities and tasks.
At that time the city of Mariupol, a large and important industrial city on the coast of the Sea of Azov, was under the control of pro-Russian separatists, and at that period there was consensus in Ukraine, that the Ukrainian army, security and National Guard forces, in their current state, were unable to confront Russia and the separatists Its loyalists are in Mariupol and whole Donbas region.
At the same time, the Ukrainian consensus was that the forces of the so-called Azov battalion would carry out the tasks of fighting the Russians and the separatists.
The Azov Battalion took the Kosatsky hotel in the center of the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, which was one of the headquarters of the demonstrators in the Maidan events, to be the headquarters of the mobilization and the semi-official headquarters of the battalion.
More than 200 fighters gathered in this hotel, all of whom received training at the hands of experienced fighters, led by Sergey Korotkikh, a Russian from Belarus, who participated in many battles and wars as a mercenary fighter, and was famous for his extremist tendencies, and belongs to the extreme right wing.
The numbers of volunteers in the Azov battalion also included members of the Ultras Association of football fans, and they included about 60% of the composition of the Azov battalion at the beginning of its formation.
The Azov Battalion also included a number of foreign mercenaries, most of whom were members and forces of the extreme right, who came to Ukraine from a large number of countries in the world, including neo-Nazis from a number of European countries, the United States and even Russia itself.
In mid-2014, specifically in the month of June, 140 fighters of the Azov Battalion, in cooperation with elements of the Ukrainian National Guard, and a number of Ukrainian special forces, clashed with pro-Russian separatist groups on the outskirts of the city of Mariupol, where these forces managed to tighten control over the city, which returned it to the control of the Kyiv government.
One of the results of this victory was that these militants obtained the support of the Ukrainian people, official and the media, not to mention the Western propaganda that celebrated their victory, given that what the Azov Battalion had done had changed history and reversed the course of the war… It’s a Nazi and right-wing extremist battalion!
The Azov Battalion also participated in a number of battles and confrontations with pro-Russian separatists in the Donbas region between 2014 and 2015.
Of course, it was accused of war crimes during that period, by arresting and torturing civilians, and looting their homes and properties.
Whoever doubts these accusations, claims that those accusations were directed against the members of the Azov Battalion by the Russian government, but the truth is that those accusations were directed by international organizations, led by organizations such as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights and Amnesty International?
At the beginning of 2015, the number of members of the Azov Battalion reached about 800, and at the beginning of 2015, the Battalion attacked the areas of separatist presence east of the city of Mariupol in an attempt to repel the attack launched by the separatists in an attempt to regain control of the city.
As a result of the increasing international reports on the activities and trends of the Azov Battalion, the authorities in Kyiv chose to hide and freeze the activities of the Battalion and to make it public, from late 2015 until the beginning of 2019.
During that period, the Azov Battalion was transformed into political activity, which culminated in the candidacy of Andriy Biletsky in the Ukrainian parliamentary elections, and his success in entering the Ukrainian parliament, as a deputy for one of the districts of the capital, Kyiv.
As soon as he entered the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament), Biletsky openly announced his quest to create a huge youth movement, with the Azov Battalion as its main nucleus.
He said, that the movement will go beyond the Battalion to include sports clubs, schools, associations and all possible institutions.
Biletsky also formed a civil movement affiliated with the Azov Battalion in 2015.
It engages in social activities, and its main function is to mobilize popular demonstrations and protests when needed, and engage in various bullying and sabotage activities against any gatherings opposed to right-wing and fascist activities throughout the country.
With the spread of the civil movement’s influence and the Battalion’s activity throughout Ukraine, the Battalion’s sports and military training centers increased throughout the country, amid ignoring, and perhaps turning a blind eye, the government’s side, timid disregard for the international media, and the helplessness of Ukrainian voices opposing these extremist right-wing trends and ideas.
In the end, everything related to the Azov Battalion has become a representation of the right and the extremist Nazi ideas in Ukraine, which has become the general control of various aspects of life in the country.
The truth is a form of the deep state that governs states, and Ukraine has been at the mercy of this group since the battalion was established in 2014, until now.
The situation in Ukraine, before Russia was forced to intervene in February 2022, was under the control of an unholy alliance of neo-Nazis and a group of liberal dreamers loyal to the West who were controlled by a group of corrupt figures whom interests with the West and the United States.