This is all needs to be known about the Turkish presidential and parliamentary elections
At 08:00 AM, Sunday morning, the voting began in the presidential and parliamentary elections, which were described as historic and decisive for Türkiye.
The polling process continues until 05:00 PM in the evening local time, and the electoral committees will count the people waiting in lines after 05:00 PM to cast their votes later.
These elections will determine the thirteenth president of the Republic of Türkiye and the country’s twenty-eighth parliament.
According to the Supreme Electoral Commission in Türkiye, the number of Turks who are entitled to vote is 64,113,941, including Turks who officially registered as residents abroad and are entitled to vote, and their number is 3,416,098 voters.
As for the number of young people who are entitled to vote for the first time after reaching the legal age, in these elections, it is 4,904,672 male and female voters.
Currently there are three candidates running for the presidency, who are:
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the current Turkish president and head of the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP), and he is the candidate of the ruling People’s Alliance.
Kamal Kılıçdaroğlu, leader of the Turkish opposition and head of the Republican People’s Party (CHP), the largest opposition party.
He is the candidate of the Nation Alliance, the main alliance of the Turkish opposition.
Sinan Oğan, a candidate of the far-right nationalist opposition “ATA” coalition.
While the fourth candidate, Muharram Inga, withdrew from the presidential race, due to sexual scandals that he says are fabricated and targeting him.
As for the main alliances in these elections, they are:
The ruling people’s alliance, which is a conservative right-wing alliance, and was keen to include parties that have symbolism in the complex political equation in Türkiye.
It mainly includes the parties of Justice and Development (AKP), the National Movement (MHP), the Great Union (BBP), the new Welfare (YRP), the Free Cause (HÜDA), and the Democratic Left (DSP).
This alliance nominates Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan for the presidency.
The opposition Nation Alliance, or what is known as the Six-Party Table, which is an alliance that includes political parties of different political and ideological backgrounds, most notably the Republican People (CHP), conservative national welfare the good party (Iyi), conservative Islamic Felicity party (SAADET), the future party (Gelecek), democracy and progress party (DEVA), and democratic party (DP).
This coalition nominates Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu for the presidency.
The Freedom and Labor Alliance, of which the Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) is the most important party.
It mainly includes the Turkish Workers’ Party (TIP), the Labor party (EMEP), the Labor Movement party (EHP), and the Social Freedom party (TÖP).
The right-wing nationalist (Ata) or (ancestors) alliance, which mainly includes the far-right nationalist victory party (ZP), which is hostile to Arabs and Syrians in particular, the Justice party (AP), the Patriotic party (VP), and the Turkish Alliance party.
This coalition nominates Sinan Oğan for the presidency.
As for the most important issues used by the various Turkish political parties during the electoral campaigns, they summarized as follows:
- The Syrian refugees
- The government system in the country / between the current presidential system and (enhanced parliamentary system.
- Foreign Policy
- Dealing with earthquake disaster
- Controversial relationship with terrorism
- Freedoms, democracy and human rights