Nicaragua and its challenges: national politics, Central America and geopolitics

Latin America affairs’ topic for  the central America sates and their struggle with the United State and global geopolitics.

First article by Journalist Bruno Beaklini

Source: the middle east monitor


Debating Nicaragua under the Ortega-Murillo government (from 2007 to the present ) is a constant challenge.

First, because we need to separate domestic politics from Latin American projection; second, because it is always necessary to expose the nefarious role of the United States since the 19th century, but with an emphasis on the past hundred years; third and, finally, because the geopolitical dimension, thinking in terms of BRICS and security in the Caribbean-West Indies and Trans-Pacific system, obliges us to take a specific plunge.

Therefore, in this article and the next we will divide the themes.

Now, we will dive into the geopolitics of the South of the world.


United States and Nicaragua: tyranny and ongoing interventions

It looks like a repeated film, one of those that usually appear on Brazilian open TV.

Once again, the government of Nicaragua is under various types of pressure from the State Department and American aggression, through the much contested Organization of American States (OAS).

Although similar, it is not a situation similar to the 1970s and 1980s of the last century, when, in a heroic way, the Nicaraguan people freed themselves from the Somoza clan’s dictatorial yoke, trying to build a socialist government with democratic experiences.

The Somoza dictatorship began with another national liberation struggle, the epic led by Augusto Cesar Sandino, which culminated in yet another betrayal.

From 1927 to 1933, as an extension of the so-called “banana wars”, the diplomacy of gringos cannons invaded the country of the five volcanoes.

A peasant leader of radical liberal origin, converted to Mexican Magonism, commanded an army of irregular forces, relentlessly fighting the damned invaders.

The Trojan horse of imperialism was established, in the country, through the formation of the “National” Guard (it would be better to call it the guard of the United Fruit Co.), under the direct command of the first of the Somoza, Anastacio Somoza García.

On February 2, 1933, the imperialists withdrew from the country, because they simply were unable to establish territorial dominance, being buffeted on a daily basis by the Army for the Defender of National Sovereignty.

A year later, the betrayal in Managua is consummated, as Sandino and his General Staff are murdered on February 21, 1934.

Somoza kills, in cowardice, by inviting the “Sandinistas” to a final peacemaking meeting in the country, in an attempt to create a regular and permanent (non-partisan) military force, along with a calendar for free elections.

The plan was articulated by Cordell Hull, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s secretary of state (FDR), both of whom characterized the tyrant as “our crook” (actually they spoke a misogynistic expletive that we cannot reproduce here).

In 1961, the epic was resumed, under the leadership of Carlos Fonseca Amador , establishing the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), then in its first phase.

The development of the popular war against Sandinista tyranny and its American supporters crossed governments of the Democratic Party (Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson), Republican (Nixon and Gerald Ford) and culminated in the seizure of Managua in the Jimmy Carter administration, on July 19, 1979 During the civil war and permanent foreign intervention operations, both Israel and Saudi Arabia supported the State Department against the Sandinista revolution.

As can be seen, this pattern is observed throughout Latin America, in which Zionists and their Wahhabite alliesoperate as a complementary force to US imperialism.

Unfortunately, the gringos did not interrupt their scale of aggression.

During the almost eleven years of Sandinista government, including the electoral process of November 4, 1984, with a multi-party presence and tolerance by the opposition in the midst of a war of external aggression.

To the south, Nicaragua borders Costa Rica and, to the north, Honduras.

Virtually all of the country’s economic development is in the range between the Pacific coast, the mountain ranges and volcanoes and two volcanic lakes, Managua and Nicaragua.

The Nicaraguan Caribbean is made up of ancestral territories, with an indigenous (indigenous, native) and “Garifuna” population, an Afro-Central American population with a quilombola tradition (Palenquera), which occupies the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala and Belize.

Both indigenous lands, mostly “misquita”, in Honduran and Nicaraguan Mosquitia , as well as garifunas with mixed race of Caribbean, Aruaque and African origin, understand the presence of the central government as an invader and divide the country between the Pacific and the Atlantic.

Not by chance, applying a “perfect” Machiavellian morality, imperialism and its emissaries worked on this constitutional disagreement of ancestral rights for Contra operations.

The greatest counterrevolutionary force was in Honduras, fed by drug trafficking networks and met the nickname RN (Resistencia “Nacional”).

The dissent led by Éden Pastora, the former zero commander, was established in 1981, through the Democratic Revolutionary Alliance (ARDE).

Both forces were supported by the Reagan government, applying the domino theory, encouraging the country’s economic sabotage.

The military stalemate and the consecutive errors of the Sandinista administration (already under the command of Daniel Ortega) lead to exhaustion.

Everything coincides with the Gorbatchev Era, in the former Soviet Union (1985-1991) and the withdrawal of support funds for Cuba’s solidarity policy, both in the great theater of Central American operations, and in the South American resistance in Colombia and Chile…

In February 1990 the daughter of oligarchs, “doña” Violeta Chamorro (through UNO) is elected and the debt settlement agreement with the United States is signed.

Nicaragua, once again, is held hostage by the damned gringos and their internal intermediaries.


Ortega government, domestic politics and geopolitics

Daniel Ortega and his wife, Rosario Murillo, returned to occupy presidential power after the November 2006 elections. Since then, they have run and won, despite the controversies and controversies of each election.

In November 2021, the pair Ortega and Murillo will compete again, now suffering severe accusations for not allowing the opposition to participate in the dispute.

There is an abyss between 21st century ortheguism and historic Sandinism (including the FSLN itself has split) “Papito Ortega” enabled former Contra opponents and expelled historical leaders.

There is social and legitimate opposition, but the visibility they achieve is inferior to the old gringos game.

The Nicaraguan business community – or the portion of it that does not have official contracts – operates like every “gusana” right on the continent, flattering the State Department and putting pressure from Miami, Los Angeles and Washington DC Any resemblance to the Venezuelan “escuálidos”, Bolivian oligarchs from Santa Cruz and narcopolitics (both Colombians and Hondurans) is no coincidence.

The Empire has the petulance to call the governments of Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua the “Troika of Tyranny”, establishing forms of pressure, economic blockade and asset hijacking.

No country should have its economy isolated from the International System, still less have bank accounts and deposits of value stolen in the most cynical way imaginable .

In this sense, any alternative means of payment for foreign trade in primary and mineral commodities through compensation mechanisms that escape the preponderance of the USA, is a comparative advantage of strategic value.

Nicaragua has already suffered a great deal under the projection of imperialist power and needs to be involved with expanded economic territories through the BRICS Group.

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